Platelet-rich plasma therapy, also called PRP therapy uses blood’s natural healing properties to promote healing and repair the damaged cartilage, tendons, ligaments, muscles, and even bones. It’s platelets that contain growth factors and proteins to promote healing in soft tissues. Although not considered standard practice, a growing number of people are turning to PRP injections to treat a couple of orthopedic conditions, including osteoarthritis as it relieves an individual of pain, improves joint function and repairs damage caused to cartilage. During the treatment, platelet-rich plasma is derived from the patient’s own blood and is injected directly into the affected joint. Though commonly used for knee Osteoarthritis, PRP therapy may be used on other joints as well.
Hyaluronic Acid Injections
Hyaluronic acid (HA) injection is used to treat knee pain caused by Osteoarthritis (OA) in patients who have had no success with pain relievers and other treatment options. Also known as gel injections, HA injections are chemically similar to the natural fluid found in our joints. It works by acting as a lubricant and shock absorber in the joints which further promotes the joints to function properly. However, in some cases, it even stimulates the knee to start producing more natural HA. Besides, HA is a better option if you have diabetes, as corticosteroids can further raise blood sugar levels.
Steroid Injection (Cortisone Injections)
Cortisone or simply called steroid injections reduce joint inflammation, including swelling and redness caused in the knee. This injection is usually the first line of defense against Osteoarthritis symptoms and other joint pain. However, a steroid injection may not necessarily treat the underlying condition at the root of these symptoms. For instance, if an individual has Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis, it can only relieve inflammation and pain for about 6 weeks and 6 months, but not cure the condition completely. Post steroid injection, the condition may return after a certain time or it may not, depending on the person, the condition being treated, and follow-up care.